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Guide to African American Cultural and Historic Sites in Philadelphia

A citywide exploration of museums, historical landmarks, churches, art galleries and public spaces...

Travel Responsibly: As the region recovers from COVID-19, safety guidelines have evolved at attractions, restaurants, shops and hotels. Advance tickets or reservations remain recommended or necessary at many spots. Your best bet: Check online or call ahead.

Just as U.S. history is African American history, Greater Philadelphia history is African American history.

The region is home to the founding church of the African Methodist Episcopal denomination (Mother Bethel A.M.E.), the country’s first major museum devoted to Black American history (The African American Museum in Philadelphia) and many stops along the Underground Railroad.

Destinations such as Philadelphia’s Historic District and Historic Germantown tell of the successes, struggles and contributions of African Americans through the centuries. And in September 2017, City Hall welcomed the city’s first statue representing an African American on public property: The Octavius V. Catto Memorial depicts the bravery of a staunch 19th-century civil rights advocate.

This list features museums, landmarks, churches and other sites that reflect both origins in the African continent and history on the American continent through a host of educational opportunities for visitors of all ages.

Planning to explore these historic and cultural sites? Keep health and safety top of mind. Advance tickets or tour reservations are recommended or necessary at many locations, and hours of operation can change at any time. Your best bet: Call ahead or check online to get the latest information before your visit.

Note: This article — last updated on January 20, 2022 — is arranged alphabetically and by type of attraction.

Historic Sites & Monuments

01

Belmont Mansion

Historic Belmont Mansion in Philadelphia's Fairmount Park Historic Belmont Mansion in Philadelphia's Fairmount Park
— Photo by J. Smith for Visit Philadelphia

The home of the abolitionist Judge Richard Peters, opponent to the Fugitive Slave Act and precedent-setting judicial decision-maker, has been preserved and transformed into the Underground Railroad Museum at Belmont Mansion. Visitors can take a self-guided tour to view historical artifacts and hear narratives about the site’s history, including that of Cornelia Wells, a free African American woman who lived there. As of January 2022, the museum is open Tuesday through Thursday. Reservations are needed for groups of 10 or more.

Where: Belmont Mansion, 2000 Belmont Mansion Drive

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02

Bucks County Underground Railroad Sites

Located just outside Philadelphia, Bucks County is home to a number of significant sites that were part of the Underground Railroad. Towns like Yardley, Bristol, New Hope and Doylestown feature churches, farms, taverns and more where enslaved people were aided in their journey north, per this detailed guide from our colleagues at Visit Bucks County.

Where: Various locations including Newtown Theatre, 120 N. State Street, Newtown

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03

Cliveden

People walk the grounds of the Cliveden house in Germantown in Philadelphia People walk the grounds of the Cliveden house in Germantown in Philadelphia
— Photo by R. Kennedy for Visit Philadelphia

At Cliveden, tours and artifacts uncover details about life on Northern plantations, efforts to escape enslavement and the legal maneuverings of one of the North’s largest owners of enslaved people to run a plantation in abolitionist Philadelphia. As of January 2022, indoor and outdoor tours are available by appointment only.

Where: Cliveden, 6401 Germantown Avenue

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04

The Concord School House and Upper Burying Ground of Germantown

When visitors schedule an appointment for a tour of the Concord School House and Upper Burying Ground, they can view the original desks used by African American students and abolitionists in the 1850s. As of January 2022, tours are available by appointment only, pending volunteer staff availability.

Where: The Concord School House and Upper Burying Ground of Germantown, 6309 Germantown Avenue

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05

Harriet Tubman — The Journey to Freedom at City Hall

A statue of Harriet Tubman outside City Hall in Philadelphia A statue of Harriet Tubman outside City Hall in Philadelphia
— Photo by Visit Philadelphia

On view through Thursday, March 31, 2022

An evocative, nine-foot sculpture, entitled Harriet Tubman – The Journey to Freedom, stands on the north apron of Philadelphia’s City Hall through the end of March. Created by Wofford Sculpture Studio, the traveling monument represents Tubman’s work to free hundreds of enslaved people. It serves as a powerful reminder to onlookers that the struggle for social justice and equality did not end with the addition of the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Coordinated by the City of Philadelphia Office of Arts, Culture and the Creative Economy, the months-long celebration of Tubman, which spans Black History Month and Women’s History Month, also includes more than 30 in-person and virtual events

Where: City Hall, 1400 John F. Kennedy Boulevard

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06

Historic Fair Hill

Historic Fair Hill, a Quaker burial ground built in 1703, is the final resting place of Lucretia Mott, Robert Purvis and other abolitionists. Today, it’s also an environmental education center. As of January 2022, the grounds are open to the public on the second Saturday of each month. Expanded spring hours begin in April 2022.

Where: Historic Fair Hill, 5501 Germantown Avenue

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07

The Johnson House Historic Site

Johnson House in Germantown Johnson House in Germantown
— Photo by R. Kennedy for Visit Philadelphia

A crucial part of the Colonial Germantown Historic District, this site attained a National Historic Landmark designation for its role in the Underground Railroad. Tours offer visitors an opportunity to learn about the injustices of slavery and the 19th-century resident Johnson family, who participated in the Underground Railroad and risked their lives offering refuge to freedom seekers. Among the freedom fighters who stayed here: William Still and, according to family lore, Harriet Tubman. As of January 2022, Johnson House is open on for limited indoor tours by appointment only on Fridays and Saturdays.

Where: The Johnson House Historic Site, 6306 Germantown Avenue

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08

Kennett Underground Railroad

Volunteers at the Kennett Underground Railroad Center offer tours of key sites in the Kennett area, located an hour southwest of Center City Philadelphia. Tours normally run from the spring through the fall, but visitors should continue to check the organization’s website for the latest information regarding the 2022 schedule in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Where: Kennett Underground Railroad Center, 120 N. Union Street, Kennett Square

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09

The Liberty Bell Center

The Liberty Bell Center welcomes visitors to learn about the connection between the bell and African American history. Videos and interactive displays explain how the abolitionist movement adopted the object as a symbol of freedom based on the inscribed quote from Leviticus: “Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof.” Beginning in the late 1800s, the Liberty Bell traveled around the country to expositions to help heal the divisions of the Civil War, reminding Americans of earlier days when they worked together for independence. The Liberty Bell is open daily as of January 2022, with capacity limits for a safe visitor experience.

Where: The Liberty Bell Center, 526 Market Street

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10

Octavius V. Catto Memorial

A Quest for Parity: The Octavius V. Catto Memorial A Quest for Parity: The Octavius V. Catto Memorial
— Photo by Alec Rogers © 2018 for the Association for Public Art

In a city of more than 1,500 public statues, this monument to a 19th-century civil rights crusader is Center City’s first statue of a specific African American. Catto, South Carolinian by birth and Philadelphian by choice, led efforts to desegregate the city’s streetcars, fought for equal voting rights, worked as an intellectual and teacher, and was also a star baseball player. On October 10, 1871, the first election day after the 15th Amendment guaranteed African American men the right to vote in Pennsylvania, he was shot and killed on South Street. Sculptor Branly Cadet created the 12-foot-tall bronze memorial, which features Catto in a powerful stance, walking toward a granite representation of a mid-19th-century ballot box.

Where: Octavius V. Catto Memorial, 2 E. Penn Square

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11

Once Upon A Nation Storytelling Benches

Once Upon A Nation’s Storytelling Benches at three locations around Philadelphia’s Historic District offer people of all ages a free perch and a professionally told story in three to five minutes. Engaging storytellers regale audiences with tales of the well-known and not-so-well-known people who shaped America’s history. Among the real-life characters are Ona Judge, an enslaved woman who escaped from George Washington’s Philadelphia home to find freedom in New Hampshire; iconic reformer, author, statesman and abolitionist Frederick Douglass; and Caroline LeCount, who, nearly 100 years before Rosa Parks, successfully won the right for all people to ride in Philadelphia’s streetcars. Benches are open on select days from Memorial Day through Labor Day. Maps of the bench locations are available at the Independence Visitor Center.

Where: Various locations including Independence Square, 111 S. Independence Mall West

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12

The President’s House: Freedom and Slavery in the Making of a New Nation

The President's House The President's House
— Photo by M. Kennedy for Visit Philadelphia

At The President’s House: Freedom and Slavery in the Making of a New Nation, visitors view the structural fragments of the residence of Presidents Washington and Adams. This is the site where the country’s first president enslaved nine Africans, including Oney “Ona” Judge, who escaped to freedom, despite Washington’s efforts to capture her. The free open-air Independence National Historical Park site, on the same block as The Liberty Bell Center, invites visitors to learn about the events that transpired through illustrated glass panels and video reenactments, and then partake in silent reflection.

Where: The President's House, 530 Market Street

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13

Stenton

— Photo courtesy of The National Society of Colonial Dames of America in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Tour the Georgian estate of James Logan, secretary to Pennsylvania founder William Penn and mentor to Benjamin Franklin and John Bartram. Situated on three acres of the original 500-acre plantation that once housed enslaved people (including housekeeper Dinah, who reportedly saved the mansion from being burned during the Revolutionary War), Stenton’s large rooms, exquisite woodwork and preserved details make this estate a must-see. As of January 2022, tours of Stenton are available by appointment only, and the grounds are otherwise closed to the public through March 31, 2022.

Where: Stenton, 4601 N. 18th Street

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14

Washington Square

Washington Square, one of city planner William Penn’s five original parks, was once known as Congo Square. A wayside in the city-block park describes activities of three centuries ago, when free and enslaved Africans gathered at the then-potter’s field during holidays and fairs to celebrate traditions of their homelands.

Where: Washington Square, 210 W. Washington Square

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15

Valley Forge National Historical Park

A plaque honoring patriots of African descent at Valley Forge National Historical Park A plaque honoring patriots of African descent at Valley Forge National Historical Park
— Photo courtesy National Parks Service

Valley Forge National Historical Park tells the story of Washington’s Continental Army, which included many African American soldiers. The park is also home to the Patriots of African Descent Monument, honoring those of African descent who served during the Valley Forge encampment.

Where: Valley Forge National Historical Park, 1400 N. Outer Line Drive, King of Prussia

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Museums

16

ACES Museum

Historic Parker Hall, a restored World War II USO site for African American soldiers and their families in Germantown, honors military veterans. Artifacts and memorabilia backdrop the museum as part of ACES’ mission to support, educate, serve and celebrate the veteran community. As of January 2022, the ACES Museum is open for tours Monday through Thursday.

Where: ACES Museum, 5801 Germantown Avenue

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17

The African American Museum in Philadelphia

The African American Museum in Philadelphia, founded in 1976, is the first institution built by a major U.S. city to preserve, interpret and exhibit the heritage and culture of African Americans. The museum takes a fresh and bold look at the stories of African Americans and their role in the founding of the nation through the core exhibit, Audacious Freedom. Other exhibitions and programs reveal the history, stories and cultures of those of African descent throughout the African diaspora. As of January 2022, the museum is open for timed visits Thursday through Sunday.

Where: The African American Museum in Philadelphia, 701 Arch Street

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18

The Colored Girls Museum

Historic, residential Germantown is home to the comfortable dwelling of Vashti DuBois, who built her lived-in “memoir museum” to be “equal parts research facility, exhibition space, gathering place and think tank.” Inspired by and dedicated to Black girls and women, the space’s displays don’t always contain historic artifacts, but they always are true to history. Learn more about the museum in this episode of Love + Grit, Visit Philadelphia’s podcast. As of January 2022, the museum is closed for winter with plans to reopen on March 19, 2022.

Where: The Colored Girls Museum, 4613 Newhall Street

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19

Lest We Forget Museum of Slavery

This historic Germantown museum, open for tours by appointment, displays and explains thousands of “slavery artifacts — ironware, shackles, branding irons — that restrained, confined and often killed the enslaved Africans who were forced to wear them,” owner Gwen Ragsdale said. There are also ship manifests, auction signs, and Jim Crow objects that segregated and stereotyped African Americans.

Where: Lest We Forget Museum of Slavery, 5501 Germantown Avenue

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20

Museum of the American Revolution

— Photo courtesy the Museum Of The American Revolution

Telling the story of the Revolutionary War through personal stories, this venue highlights the African American experience during this tumultuous time. Subjects include Black Loyalist soldiers; Africans enslaved in Virginia; William Lee, George Washington’s enslaved valet; James Forten, a 14-year-old who volunteered aboard a privateer ship; and Phillis Wheatley, America’s first published Black female poet. As of January 2022, the museum is open daily.

Where: Museum of the American Revolution, 101 S. 3rd Street

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21

National Constitution Center

A family wearing masks explores the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia A family wearing masks explores the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia
— Photo courtesy the National Constitution Center

The National Constitution Center (NCC) uses hands-on activities to illustrate the contributions of notable African Americans, delves into pivotal Supreme Court cases and explores the amendments that established rights for all. The attraction displays an extremely rare copy of the Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln in the Civil War alcove. A more modern highlight: the original, signed copy of Barack Obama’s “A More Perfect Union” speech, which he delivered in 2008 at the National Constitution Center. In 2019, the center opened its new permanent exhibition, Civil War and Reconstruction: The Battle for Freedom and Equality, which is the first in the country to explore the amendments to the U.S. Constitution that ended slavery. As of January 2022, the attraction is open to visitors Wednesday through Sunday.

Where: National Constitution Center, 525 Arch Street

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22

National Liberty Museum

The National Liberty Museum presents the enduring story of liberty, both in history and today. The Heroes from Around the World gallery spotlights notable people from all walks of life and time periods who protected and advanced freedom, including well-known figures such as Nelson Mandela and everyday heroes such as Gail Gibson, a New Orleans nurse whose bravery helped save lives during Hurricane Katrina. The Live Like a Hero gallery showcases teachers, students, police officers, firefighters and other ordinary citizens who use their voices and talents to advocate for positive change. As of January 2022, the museum is open to visitors Thursday through Monday.

Where: National Liberty Museum, 321 Chestnut Street

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23

The National Marian Anderson Museum

Exhibit at the National Marian Anderson Museum Exhibit at the National Marian Anderson Museum
— Photo courtesy National Marian Anderson Museum

An understated facade fronts the three-story former home of opera singer, humanitarian and civil rights icon Marian Anderson. The museum, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, reveals the life and work of the contralto, the first African American to perform at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. Anderson is most remembered for her 1939 concert at the Lincoln Memorial, but she honed her talents before the parishioners of Union Baptist Church just across the street. As of January 2022, the museum offers a calendar of virtual programming and is open for tours by reservation only.

Where: The National Marian Anderson Museum, 762 Martin Street

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24

Paul Robeson House and Museum

Exterior of the Paul Robeson House in Philadelphia Exterior of the Paul Robeson House in Philadelphia
— Photo by G. Widman for Visit Philadelphia

West Philadelphia’s Paul Robeson House served as the residence for the esteemed human-rights activist, scholar, attorney, actor, athlete and singer during the last decade of his life. Tours (by appointment only) give visitors a chance to hear songs he recorded, learn about Robeson’s politics and discover his life of accomplishments — including his family’s 18th-century roots in Philadelphia.

Where: Paul Robeson House, 4951 Walnut Street

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25

Philadelphia Museum of Art and Free Library of Philadelphia — Parkway Central Library

Julian Abele, the first African American to graduate from the University of Pennsylvania with a bachelor’s degree in architecture, played a key role in designing two iconic Philly buildings: the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Free Library of Philadelphia’s Parkway Central branch on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway.

Where: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2600 Benjamin Franklin Parkway

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Parkway Central Library, 1901 Vine Street

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26

Tides of Freedom: African Presence on the Delaware River at the Independence Seaport Museum

Guest-curated by University of Pennsylvania professor Tukufu Zuberi, the exhibit Tides of Freedom: African Presence on the Delaware River in the Independence Seaport Museum uses the city’s eastern river to uncover the African experience in Philadelphia. The 300-year-old story tells of Middle Passage, enslavement, emancipation, Jim Crow and civil rights through artifacts from the museum’s collection and compelling first-person accounts. As of January 2022, the museum is open to the public daily with timed admission tickets.

Where: Independence Seaport Museum, 211 S. Christopher Columbus Boulevard

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Churches

27

African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas

In 1792, Bishop Absalom Jones founded the United States’ first Black Episcopal church, with congregation members from the Free African Society, near what is now Washington Square. Today, the church’s traditions of outreach and spirited worship continue in West Philadelphia’s Overbrook Farms neighborhood. Call in advance for information about setting up a tour.

Where: African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas, 6361 Lancaster Avenue

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28

Arch Street Friends Meeting House

Arch Street Friends Meeting House Arch Street Friends Meeting House
— Photo by J. Smith for Visit Philadelphia

In 1779, the Quakers who worshipped at the Arch Street Friends Meeting House voted to expel any member who refused to free his slaves. As of January 2022, the meeting house is closed for the winter with plans to reopen in the spring.

Where: Arch Street Friends Meeting House, 320 Arch Street

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29

Christ Church

This vaunted, circa-1744 house of worship — where Franklin, Washington and Ross were congregants — ordained Absalom Jones as the country’s first African American Episcopalian priest, baptized 25% of the free and enslaved African Americans in Philadelphia over a 20-year period, and helped establish a school for enslaved people. As of January 2022, guided or self-guided tours of the National Park Service-affiliated church are available to walk-in visitors or by reservation for groups of 10 or more.

Where: Christ Church, 20 N. American Street

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30

Mother Bethel African American Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church and Richard Allen Museum

Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church, founded by Bishop Richard Allen in 1794, sits on the oldest parcel of land continuously owned by African Americans, and is the mother church of the nation’s first Black denomination. Today, Mother Bethel is a church (where the congregation worships weekly), museum and archive. The museum houses the tomb of Bishop Richard Allen and artifacts dating to the 1600s, tracing the history of the AME Church. Reservations are required for museum tours.

Where: Mother Bethel African American Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church and Richard Allen Museum, 419 S. 6th Street

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31

St. George's United Methodist Church

St. George’s United Methodist Church welcomed Black worshippers and licensed Richard Allen and Absalom Jones as its first African American Methodist lay preachers before other local African American churches formed. In 1787, a dispute over segregated seating policies led to a walkout and the creation of African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas and Mother Bethel AME Church. St. George’s continues its social justice work through programs that provide low-cost legal services to immigrants and refugees. Portraits, items of worship, manuscripts and other artifacts are on display in the original building. Museum tours are available by appointment only.

Where: St. George's United Methodist Church, 235 N. 4th Street

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Cultural Institutions

32

New Freedom Theatre

As one of the nation’s most honored Black professional theater companies, this theater has staged productions from such celebrated African American playwrights as James Baldwin, Ossie Davis, Charles Fuller, Ntozake Shange, August Wilson and LeRoi Jones. Its alumni include Wanya Morris of Boyz II Men.

Where: Freedom Theatre, 1346 N. Broad Street

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33

Philadelphia Clef Club of Jazz and Performing Arts

Formed in 1935 through the efforts of Philadelphia’s African American musicians’ union, Union Local No. 274 of the American Federation of Musicians, the Clef counted among its members John Coltrane and Dizzy Gillespie and played a significant role in the advancement of jazz in Philadelphia and the world. In 1978, it expanded its mission to include jazz performance, instruction and preservation, becoming the nation’s first facility constructed specifically as a jazz institution. A list of upcoming concerts can be found on its website.

Where: Philadelphia Clef Club of Jazz and Performing Arts, 738 S. Broad Street

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34

Destinations Showcasing Black Artists in Philadelphia

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts interior gallery Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts interior gallery
Woodmere Art Museum — Photo by B. Krist for Visit Philadelphia

Residents and visitors can find a phenomenal selection of art by Black artists within permanent collections, special exhibitions and exciting shows at museums and galleries around Philadelphia. Media of all sorts from local, national and international artists can be viewed at venues throughout the city, including the contemporary works at Rush Arts Philadelphia, original prints at the Brandywine Workshop and African masks at the Barnes Foundation. Peruse a guide to destinations for works by Black artists to learn more.

Where: Various locations including Woodmere Art Museum, 9201 Germantown Avenue

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Historic Sites & Monuments

Belmont Mansion
Bucks County Underground Railroad Sites
Cliveden
The Concord School House and Upper Burying Ground of Germantown
Harriet Tubman — The Journey to Freedom at City Hall
Historic Fair Hill
The Johnson House Historic Site
Kennett Underground Railroad
The Liberty Bell Center
Octavius V. Catto Memorial
Once Upon A Nation Storytelling Benches
The President’s House: Freedom and Slavery in the Making of a New Nation
Stenton
Washington Square
Valley Forge National Historical Park

Museums

ACES Museum
The African American Museum in Philadelphia
The Colored Girls Museum
Lest We Forget Museum of Slavery
Museum of the American Revolution
National Constitution Center
National Liberty Museum
The National Marian Anderson Museum
Paul Robeson House and Museum
Philadelphia Museum of Art and Free Library of Philadelphia — Parkway Central Library
Tides of Freedom: African Presence on the Delaware River at the Independence Seaport Museum

Churches

African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas
Arch Street Friends Meeting House
Christ Church
Mother Bethel African American Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church and Richard Allen Museum
St. George's United Methodist Church

Cultural Institutions

New Freedom Theatre
Philadelphia Clef Club of Jazz and Performing Arts
Destinations Showcasing Black Artists in Philadelphia
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